How is Information on Criminal Records Gathered?
In the United States, criminal records checks are compiled and updated on local, state, and federal levels by various law enforcement agencies. Their primary goal is to present a comprehensive criminal records checks history.
Criminal Records Checks may be used for many purposes but mostly for background checks including identification, employment, security clearance, adoption, immigration/international travel/visa, licensing, assistance in developing suspects in an ongoing criminal investigation, and for enhanced sentencing in criminal prosecutions.
In the United States, the compilations of criminal records checks are unlikely to be admissible in court as proof of arrest or conviction. Criminal records checks histories are maintained by law enforcement agencies in all levels of government. Local police departments, sheriffs’ offices, and specialty police agencies may maintain their own internal databases.
On the state level, state police, troopers, highway patrol, correctional agencies, and other law enforcement agencies also maintain separate databases for criminal records checks. Law enforcement agencies often share this information with other similar enforcement agencies and this information is usually made available to the public through criminal records checks databases and companies.